Defining Collaboration

Collaboration is the process of two or more people or organizations working together to realize mutual goals. Collaboration is very similar to, but more closely aligned than, cooperation, and both are an opposite of competition. Most collaboration requires leadership, although the form of leadership can be social within a decentralized and egalitarian group. Teams that work collaboratively can obtain greater resources, recognition and reward when facing competition for finite resources.

Source: Wikipedia

Cooperation vs Collaboration

When collaborating, people work together (co-labor) on a single shared goal.
When cooperating, people perform together (co-operate) while working on selfish yet common goals.

Source: Cooperation vs Collaboration

Howard Rheingold: The new power of collaboration

Justification Of The Choices Made

Companies need their critical workforces to perform smarter, faster and more productively. Achieving that goal requires embedding collaborative technologies deep into processes and incentivizing collaborative behaviors—ultimately transforming the way organizations turn knowledge into action.

Source: Accenture

The Other Alternatives That Were Not Chosen

  • Cooperation
  • “Doing Everything Yourself”

Further Reading